Mosquito-borne ailments: causes, signs, and prevention ideas

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New Delhi |

September 19, 2020, 3:15:35 p.m.


Protect yourself from monsoon diseases caused by mosquitoes. (Source: Getty Images / Thinkstock)

Posted by Dr. Vikrant Shah

Mosquito-borne diseases tend to spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. In addition, diseases that are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes include chikungunya, dengue fever, malaria fever, and rare infections such as yellow fever and Zika virus.

To top it off, the monsoons are on, and diseases like chikungunya, dengue, and malaria are common in these conditions. Therefore, staying healthy and keeping mosquito-borne diseases at bay by following all precautions is the order of the day.

Read on to learn more about it and keep yourself fit and in order.

Do you notice symptoms such as high-grade fever with chills, Joint pain, Myelgia, headache-related fever? The mosquito-borne diseases can be caused by a parasite that has malaria fever and viruses in dengue and a few others. Some of those pathogens that cause malaria, chikungunya, have been causing disease in humans for many years, and rare infections like the Zika virus have only recently been discovered. Urbanization, travel and population growth are the factors that have increased the breeding potential of mosquitoes, causing disease on a large scale.

People who work outdoors and travel to areas with mosquito-borne diseasesIndividuals who work in laboratories with infected specimens of mosquito-borne diseases, as well as health care workers who care for patients infected with mosquito-borne diseases, can become infected because it is transmitted through skin lesions or even sharp injuries to the skin can be done body. Hence, one should be vigilant and exercise enough care to lead a healthy life.

Dengue fever

This is caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms can appear three to fourteen days after infection. This can include a high fever, headache, joint pain, vomiting, muscles, and even a rash. The recovery period can take two to seven days. Dengue fever can also develop into dengue hemorrhagic fever, a more severe form of the disease that includes symptoms such as bleeding under the skin and even constant vomiting. Dengue fever can be treated by drinking plenty of fluids, staying hydrated, and avoiding dehydration. If the fever does not go away, the patient must be hospitalized and treated.

Chikungunya

This is a viral disease that is transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. Symptoms can include fever, fatigue, joint pain, headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, and a rash. In most cases, a patient’s condition will improve within a week. Occasionally, however, this excruciating joint pain can last for months or even years. Chikungunya has some signs similar to Zika and dengue, which is misdiagnosed as the symptoms tend to overlap. Therefore, a thorough diagnosis is required for this. Don’t ignore the symptoms. Instead, see a doctor right away. Treatment includes drinking plenty of fluids, maintaining hydration with enough water, taking medication only recommended by a doctor, and eating a balanced diet.

ALSO READ | Beat the monsoon blues with these simple health tips

malaria

This disease is caused by a parasite. The parasite is transmitted to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. Symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, headache, nausea and vomiting, muscle pain and fatigue, sweating and headache. As a precaution, take a malaria drug in mosquito areas. To prevent this: The accumulation of dirty water must be controlled to prevent mosquitos from developing, and one should avoid venturing out with full sleeves without clothes. Antimalarial drugs and other anti-fever drugs can be given to patients with malaria.

How to prevent diseases caused by mosquitoes

* People tend to suffer from malaria during the rainy season. Hence, it is necessary to use mosquito repellants and wear full-sleeved clothing to avoid this Mosquito bites.
* Don’t walk through dirty water or let the water in your home stagnate as these are the breeding grounds for the mosquitos.
* You must opt ​​for screens on doors and windows, and remember to repair broken or damaged screens immediately. Keep unshielded doors and windows closed to prevent mosquitoes from entering the house.
* Be sure to use a mosquito net over the beds, especially when there are children at home.
* Limit time outside in the early morning or evening when the mosquitoes are most active.

ALSO READ | Easy Ways to Help Control Common Monsoon Diseases In Children

* Do not give mosquitoes any breeding grounds. Remove standing water in things like buckets and tires. Empty and clean bird baths, dog bowls, and flower pots at least once a week, and keep your surroundings clean.
* Stick to a balanced diet. Opt for colorful foods that can help Improve immunity. Foods like broccoli, carrots, turmeric, and ginger can boost the immune system and be beneficial for the skin and hair as well. Likewise, turmeric is loaded with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and can help you get rid of coughs. Garlic can help with colds because it contains the cold protection compound known as allicin, which has antibacterial and antifungal properties. Eat foods loaded with vitamin C. Drink plenty of water and make sure the water is boiled from time to time.
* Do not eat stale foods and avoid food cross-contamination. Do not eat fruits and vegetables that are left cut longer as they can become infected with bacteria. Don’t eat outside or junk food during monsoons.
* Vaccines can prevent some mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue fever
Snack: Severe cases of mosquito-borne diseases can result in death. So don’t neglect your symptoms. Find timely treatment and lead a healthy life.

The author is a consulting physician, intensive care physician, and infectious disease specialist at Zen Multispeciality Hospital Chembur

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